How to avoid diabetic complications


How to avoid diabetic complications

If managed properly, experts like Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Karachi say that long-term complications of diabetes are avoidable and manageab

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If managed properly, experts like Best Internal Medicine Specialist in Karachi say that long-term complications of diabetes are avoidable and manageable. Read on to know more about how to avoid diabetic complications:

Making the right commitment

Managing diabetes rightly is a lifelong commitment, but the efforts are worthwhile when long-term and even life-threatening complications avert. Experts can only guide one about the basics of diabetes management and thereafter the patients and their caretakers need to commit fully to making healthy choices part of their life.

The basics of diabetes management are simple: monitoring the blood sugar, eating right, taking the medication direct, getting regular investigations done. And exercising right. Expert help should always be sought for individual cases.

Eating right

Diabetics should eat according to a diet chart made by a professional dietitian, knowledgeable about type 1 or type 2 diabetes, whichever the patient has. Type 2 diabetics can get more benefit out of eating right. Especially in preventing or postponing the need for insulin with targeted weight loss.

The meal plans for diabetics should include a portion of 45 to 65 percent of carbohydrates, 25 to 30 percent fat, and 5 to 20 percent protein in every meal; snacks between meals should add to prevent a dip in the blood glucose levels. Moreover, the diet plan should incorporate healthy carbs along with dietary fiber to lessen the spikes in blood glucose.

The idea should be to keep the blood glucose as stable as possible

It is best to eat at the same time every day with snacks in between. Alternatively, the daily caloric requirement can be split into small meals throughout the day. In addition to eating right, plenty of fluids should incorporate as well. Caffeine and sugar must be kept to a minimum.

Insulin or medication requirements and schedules can adjust by the healthcare team only if the patient eats right and monitors their blood glucose between meals.

Quitting smoking

Smoking itself is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Additionally, diabetics who smoke are at four-fold the risk of cardiovascular complications and other illnesses. Smoking impacts the blood vessels, such that vasculopathy occurs earlier in diabetics. With reduced blood flow to the organs and limbs. In fact, the risk of the diabetic foot increases many-fold in smokers. Similarly, the risk of heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, diabetic retinopathies. Nerve damage and premature death are higher in diabetics who smoke.

If you need help in quitting smoking, your healthcare provider can tell you about ways to manage your addiction.

Exercising right

150 hours of moderate activity is a must for diabetics. Exercise and working out regulate the blood sugar decreases the need for oral hypoglycemics and improve the overall health of the patient. If you think you cannot exercise alone. Having a workout partner can prove helpful.

Establish a fitness routine. Preferably an hour after eating when the blood glucose levels are high, and exercise at the same hour every day. Some great options are cycling, swimming, and brisk walking. Be sure to keep a fast-acting carbohydrate snack on you to help if the blood sugar levels drop suddenly. If you are working out. Be sure to stay hydrated and monitor your blood glucose levels pre-and post-workout.

Grooming right

Diabetics are prone to infections—like gum infections. Skin infections, and foot infections. Therefore, they should take care of their oral health with regular brushing. Use a soft-bristled brush and fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day. Flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly.

Skin infections can prevent by using mild soaps and a good moisturizer. Infections of the foot can avoid by regularly examining the feet. Use good shoes. And clipping weekly straight across the nail to prevent in-growths. In case of infection, help from Internal Medicine specialist in Lahore should be sought, immediately.

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