LLCs 101: Everything You Need to Know


LLCs 101: Everything You Need to Know

What Is an LLC? A type of business organization that has the liability protection of a corporation and the flexibility and tax benefits of a partners

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What Is an LLC?

A type of business organization that has the liability protection of a corporation and the flexibility and tax benefits of a partnership.

The LLC is kind of a mix between a corporation and a partnership. It’s the middle ground. When a business owner starts an LLC, they can get the benefits of both a sole proprietorship/partnership and a corporation. This means they can limit their personal liability and have more control over taxes and operations. LLCs are a valid way to run a business in all 50 states. LLCs are a way for business owners to protect their own finances and keep taxes simple.

Small and medium-sized business owners are using LLCs more and more. They are easier to start and run than a corporation because they have fewer rules and regulations and can have more than one owner. There are many things to think about when it comes to LLCs, such as whether you should form one, how much it will cost, what the filing requirements are, etc.

Members are the people who own an LLC. Single-member limited liability companies (LLCs) are the simplest form of LLC. However, multi-member LLCs are also possible. Members can also be from other companies, so if you want to set up an LLC, you have a lot of choices and a lot of room to move.

An LLC can be any kind of business, and since it’s a popular type of business entity, it shows up in all kinds of businesses and industries, like:

  • Consulting companies.
  • Agencies for marketing and advertising.
  • IT firms.
  • Builders and contractors.
  • Fitness studios.

Difference Between LLC vs. Corporation.

Limited liability protection is a feature shared by corporations and limited liability companies. However, LLCs are often taxed in the same way as sole proprietorships and partnerships are. LLC members are independent contractors rather than employees of the company.

Shareholders who are also workers of a company, you must give them the same rights and benefits as other employees. Corporations can choose to organize themselves as either a C company or an S corporation for tax purposes.

According to NY Biennial Statement Online due to the treatment of C companies as distinct tax entities, they are subject to a special, low tax rate of only 21 percent. For tax purposes, the profits of an S corporation are passed through to the shareholders and taxed at their individual rates because S corporations are pass-through businesses.

Advantages and Disadvantages of LLC.


1.      Limited Liability.

LLCs separate the business owners from the business. In the eyes of the law, a sole proprietor or partner in a partnership is one and the same. This is dangerous because you will be responsible for the business’s obligations and debts.

An LLC limits this personal liability and makes the owners and the business legally separate. Individual members of the LLC cannot hold liable for the business’s debts or obligations.

There are some situations in which owners would be personally liable, so as your business changes and grows, make sure to carefully manage how your company is set up so that you can keep taking advantage of the limited personal liability.

2.      Less Bureaucratic Red Tape.

One of the main reasons to set up a formal business entity like a corporation or an LLC instead of a sole proprietorship or a partnership is the limited liability. Forming a formal business entity, on the other hand, comes with some extra paperwork and formalities. Compared to a corporation, an LLC has fewer formalities (like keeping records, minutes, meetings, filings, etc.) and needs less paperwork to get up and run.

It is unnecessary to convene annual meetings or maintain voluminous documents (though doing so may help limit your personal liability). You also usually don’t have to file annual reports, which makes it easier to start up and run from an administrative point of view.

3.      Management Flexibility.

Corporations have a fixed management structure that includes shareholders, a board of directors, and officers. Each of these groups plays a different role in running the day-to-day business of a corporation. Every year, the shareholders have to get together, choose new board members, and weigh in on other important business decisions.

LLCs, on the other hand, don’t have that formal structure, so they can set up their management process however makes the most sense for the business and how it runs, even if that means putting all the decision-making power in the hands of one person.

This gives LLCs the freedom and speed they need to make decisions about operations, future plans, hiring, and all the other kinds of business decisions that come up.

4.      Taxes.

When it comes to taxation, LLCs have the most favorable conditions possible. Sole proprietorship, partnerships, S corporations, and C corporations are all available taxation options for them to consider. For tax purposes, the IRS will decide whether the LLC is a partnership or a sole proprietorship based on how many owners it has.

To change this classification to something that better fits the needs of the owners, all the owners have to do is fill out some paperwork. This also lets LLCs avoid the double taxation that C-corporations have to deal with. C-corporations have to pay taxes on company profits, and then the owners have to pay taxes on dividends.

5.      Legitimacy.

Forming an LLC gives your business more legitimacy. This isn’t a reason to form an LLC on its own, but it is a benefit. You’ll put LLC after the name of your business on official documents and other formal agreements.

This will show clients and vendors that your business is professional. It will also help sole proprietors avoid problems like clients, customers, and vendors not taking them seriously because they haven’t set up a formal business entity. Because of this, they risk losing customers, missing out on possibilities, and having a tougher time securing funding.


1.      Additional Administrative Requirements.

A limited liability company (LLC) has some administrative requirements that don’t apply to sole proprietorships or partnerships. To get it started, you’ll have to file some paperwork with the state and pay a registration fee.

After that, you’ll probably have to pay an annual registration fee, but the paperwork isn’t as much as it is when you form a corporation.

Keeping personal business separate from the business of the LLC is a big worry for LLC owners. This means that the LLC needs to keep its own records and have its own bank account.

For all major business decisions, whether there is a consideration or authorized at a meeting, there should be documentation in some way by the LLC’s owners. They need to maintain a wall between their individual operations and the LLCs. The LLC must maintain its own financial records, including its own bank account.

2.      Taxes.

As we’ve already talked about, taxes can be both good and bad for LLCs. Self-employment taxes are typically required unless a business opts to be treated as a corporation for tax purposes.

This means that all profits will go to the owners, who will pay taxes on the profits on their personal tax returns. These levies are greater than the rates that would apply. If there is a tax on profits at the business level rather than there is a distribution to shareholders.

Consider your individual circumstances while determining the best tax treatment for your limited liability company. It is also recommended that you get the guidance of an accountant so that you are not overtaxed.

3.      Capital Raises.

Depending on what kind of business you want to start and how much money you might need to get it going, an LLC could make it hard to get money from outside investors. C-Corporations are better places to invest because they can give out stocks that don’t have to be taxed until the asset is sold.

For investors to put money into an LLC, they usually have to sign more complicated contracts, and many investors just don’t put money into companies that are set up as LLCs.

However, this should not deter you from forming an LLC for your new firm. You can always switch to a C-corporation later if you need to raise a lot of money from investors who are hesitant to put money into an LLC.

4.      Management.

Like taxes, the way an LLC is set up for management can be both a pro and a con. LLCs don’t have to have formal positions like directors, officers, and managers like a corporation do. Although this provides greater leeway in operational matters, it can make pinpointing certain responsibilities within the organization a challenge.

The purpose of an operating agreement is to define the responsibilities and authority of each member of the firm so that there is no ambiguity in the day-to-day operations of the business and in the enforcement of contractual obligations.